Bangladesh Case Study download pdf
The case of Bangladesh shows that dramatic progress on nutrition can be achieved, even in partner countries with a low per capita income. At the same time, it is clear that significant additional support will be required to put an end to undernutrition in the long term. As things stand Bangladesh remains off course in terms of meeting key Global WHA targets for stunting, wasting, overweight and anaemia.
Ethiopia Case Study download pdf
Ethiopia is the second-most populous country in Africa with a population of 87 million. In just over 20 years Ethiopia has reduced the prevalence of stunting (chronic undernutrition) in children under-five years of age from 67% to 40%. No other country in Africa has matched this achievement, although few have started from such a low base. This has been a major contributing factor to Ethiopia’s impressive performance in reducing child mortality1. However, even if this trend continues, Ethiopia will still fall short of its own commitment to reduce stunting by 20% by 2020. 40% prevalence of stunting is still above the sub-Saharan average and in absolute numbers represents today about 6 million children.
Guatemala Case Study download pdf
Guatemala shows an unprecedented national movement —legal, political and institutional— towards making the fight against chronic undernutrition a top State commitment for human development and poverty reduction. The 2012 Zero Hunger Pact1 sets to reduce 10% of child stunting by end 2015 and its operational plan provides the accountability framework. With 1 out of 2 children in Guatemala stunted, chronic undernutrition is the most serious problem afflicting the nation and carries strong negative effects on human capital and economic productivity. Clearly, putting an end to this scourge in the long term will require significant additional support. Not only Guatemala’s progress against global WHA targets for stunting andn anaemia remain off course, but the country faces emerging problems of obesity and chronic diseases.
Zimbabwe Case Study download pdf
Despite the attention raised through the first global International Conference on Nutrition (ICN) in 1992, the prevalence of stunting in Zimbabwe still deteriorated from the early 1990s through until 2009. This has been a turbulent period in Zimbabwe’s history characterised by economic decline, rampant inflation and food shortages. Today, despite some very recent improvements, the level of stunting still affects more than one in four children, but with population growth, this affects many more children than it did in 1992. Today, fewer than one in five Zimbabwean children at the critical age of 6 to 23 months receive a minimum acceptable diet and nearly one in two rural households lacks access to a toilet facility leading to poor sanitary conditions.
Rwanda Case Study download pdf
A recent global report recognised Rwanda as one of the countries that is leading the way in nutrition. This largely comes down to a clear vision; committed government leaders ready to take the challenge seriously and steer strategies; the implementation and scaling up of promising measures; and a community based approach across the country’s 30 districts. Rwanda is achieving progress through advocacy, leveraging funds to support implementation of multi-sectoral district plans informed by reliable nutrition information systems. In ten years, the country has seen stunting rates drop from 51% in 2005 to 38% in 2015.
Uganda Case study download pdf
Despite sustained economic growth and poverty reduction over the past 20 years in Uganda, levels of chronic undernutrition (stunting) have persisted with just a nominal decline over the same period. Stunting (children who are short for their age) still affects one in three children in Uganda. This represents 2.4 million children in Uganda, which now ranks 14th globally by the number of children affected. Besides stunting, micro-nutrient deficiency is also high (lack of vitamins and minerals, also known as “hidden-hunger”): one in two children and one in four women suffer from iron-deficiency anaemia; and one in five children and women of reproductive age are deficient in vitamin A. Undernutrition is particularly linked to poor households with limited access to safe water sources, poor sanitation facilities and children whose mothers had little or no education.